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FAQTOS
 
 

O FAQtos está em curso no INOV-INESC, tendo como objectivo disponibilizar publicamente informação relevante sobre radiação electromagnética em comunicações móveis (...)

 

Base Científica



Título Bioelectromagnetics Journal (special issue) - Reviews of the effects of RF fields on various aspects of human health
Resumo These review papers were commissioned by the IEEE ICES(International Committee on Electromagnetic Safety) Subcommittee 4 on radio frequency (RF) standards. The reviews survey the scientific background of the issue for members of the subcommittee, as it prepares a proposed revision of the standard for exposure of human beings to RF fields (IEEE C95.1-1991).
Fonte Bioelectromagnetics
Origem Internacional
Autor/Editor Ben Greenebaum
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Link interscience.wiley.com
Referência Bioelectromagnetics, Volume 24, Issue S6
Data Novembro 2003
Título Epidemiology of Health Effects of Radiofrequency Exposure
Resumo The authors have undertaken a comprehensive review of epidemiologic studies about the effects of radiofrequency fields (RFs) on human health in order to summarize the current state of knowledge, explain the methodologic issues that are involved, and aid in the planning of future studies. There have been a large number of occupational studies over several decades, particularly on cancer,cardiovascular disease, adverse reproductive outcome, and cataract, in relation to RF exposure. More recently, there have been studies of residential exposure, mainly from radio and television transmitters, and especially focusing on leukemia. There have also been studies of mobile telephone users, particularly on brain tumors and less often on other cancers and on symptoms. Results of these studies to date give no consistent or convincing evidence of a causal relation between RF exposure and any adverse health effect. On the other hand, the studies have too many deficiencies to rule out an association. A key concern across all studies is the quality of assessment of RF exposure. Despite the ubiquity of new technologies using RFs, little is known about population exposure from RF sources and even less about the relative importance of different sources. Other cautions are that mobile phone studies to date have been able to address only relatively short lag periods, that almost no data are available on the consequences of childhood exposure, and that published data largely concentrate on a small number of outcomes, especially brain tumor and leukemia.
Fonte International Commission for Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP)
Origem Internacional
Autor/Editor Standing Committee on Epidemiology: Ahlbom,A., Green,A., Kheifets,L., Savitz,D. and Swerdlow,A.
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Link Documento PDF
Referência Environmental Health Perspectives, volume 112:1741-1754
Data Setembro 2004
Título Final Technical Report on Occupational EMF Exposure
Resumo This report focuses on analysis of on-going and completed studies conducted in different European countries in the area of measurement methods and computer simulations used for specific EMF exposure assessment for occupational risk evaluation.
Fonte Effects of the Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields: From Science to Public Health and Safer Workplace (EMF-NET)
Origem Internacional
Autor/Editor EMF-NET
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Link Documento PDF
Referência D49_EMFNET_MT2_Final_technical_report
Data Abril 2008
Título Health Effects from Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields. Report of an Independent Advisory Group on Non-Ionising Radiation
Resumo The Advisory Group provides support for the development of NRPB advice on non-ionising radiation. It was set up by the Director of NRPB in 1990 with terms of reference: "to review work on the biological effects of non-ionising radiation relevant to human health and to advise on research priorities". The present report is the first by the Advisory Group to have comprehensively addressed scientific research related to concerns about exposures to RF fields. The Advisory Group considered that this report should cover sources of RF exposure as well as experimental and epidemiological studies relevant to concerns about human health. The RF fields to wich people may be exposed from a variety a variety of devices cover a wide range with very variable signal characteristics and these are considered. The report is limited, however, to radiation effects, and does not consider other aspects of mobile phone or other RF device use.
Fonte National Radiological Protection Board (NRPB)
Origem Reino Unido
Autor/Editor Professor A. J. Swerdlow
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Link http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/
Referência Volume 14, No. 2
Data Janeiro 2003
Título Mobile Phones and Health - The Stewart Report
Resumo This report considers present concerns about the possible health effects from the use of mobile phones, base stations and transmitters, it conducts a rigorous assessment of existing research and gives advice based on the present state of knowledge. It also makes recommendations on further work that should be carried out to improve the basis for sound advice.
Fonte Independent Expert Group on Mobile Phones (IEGMP)
Origem Reino Unido
Autor/Editor William Stewart
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Link http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/
Referência
Data Maio 2000
Título Mobile Phones and Health 2004
Resumo In May 2000 the Independent Expert Group on Mobile Phones (IEGMP), chaired by Sir William Stewart, issued its report on mobile phones and health. The report reviewed epidemiological and experimental studies relevant to an assessment of health effects from exposure to radiofrequency (RF) radiation from the use of mobile phones. It also made a number of recommendations that were designed to address public health concerns and related issues. This 2004 report, by the Board of NRPB, provides further advice to address remaining public concerns about mobile phone technology as well as related technological developments. It also reviews progress on implementing the recommendations in the Stewart Report.
Fonte National Radiological Protection Board (NRPB)
Origem Reino Unido
Autor/Editor NRPB
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Link http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/
Referência Volume 15, No. 5
Data Janeiro 2004
Título On health issues related to the use of hand-held radiotelephones and base transmitters
Resumo This statement from the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) addresses the health issues related to the radiofrequency radiation emissions from hand-held radiotelephones and base transmitters.
Fonte International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP)
Origem Internacional
Autor/Editor ICNIRP
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Link Documento PDF
Referência
Data Abril 1996
Título Recent Advances in Research on Radiofrequency Fields and Health: 2001-2003
Resumo The widespread use of wireless telecommunications devices, particularly mobile phones, has resulted in increased human exposure to radiofrequency (RF) fields. Although national and international agencies have established safety guidelines for exposure to RF fields, concerns remain about the potential for adverse health outcomes to occur in relation to RF field exposure. The extensive literature on RF fields and health has been reviewed by a number of authorities, including the Royal Society of Canada (1999), the American Cancer Society (2001), the European Commission’s Scientific Committee on Toxicity, Ecotoxicity and the Environment (2001), the British Medical Association (2001), the Swedish Radiation Protection Authority (2002), and the Health Council of the Netherlands (2002). This report provides an update on recent research results on the potential health risks of RF fields since the publication of the Royal Society of Canada report in 1999 (J. Toxicol. Env. Heal., B4, 1-143) and our previous 2001 update (J. Toxicol. Env. Heal., B4, 145-149), covering the period 2001-2003. The present report examines new data on dosimetry and exposure assessment, thermoregulation, biological effects such as enzyme induction, and toxicological effects, including genotoxicity, carcinogenicity, and testicular and reproductive outcomes. Epidemiological studies of mobile phone users and occupationally exposed populations are examined, along with human and animal studies of neurological and behavioural effects. All of the authoritative reviews completed within the last two years have concluded that there is no clear evidence of adverse health effects associated with RF fields. At the same time, these same reviews support the need for further research to clarify the possible associations between RF fields and adverse health outcomes that have appeared in some reports. The results of the ongoing WHO study of mobile phones will provide important new information in this regard.
Fonte Royal Society of Canada
Origem Canadá
Autor/Editor Royal Society of Canada
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Link Documento PDF
Referência
Data Janeiro 2004
Título Recent Research on Mobile Telephony and Health Risks. Second annual report from SSI’s Independent Expert Group on Electromagnetic Fields.
Resumo The Swedish radiation protection authority, SSI (Statens strålskyddsinstitut) has appointed an international independent expert group (IEG) for electromagnetic fields (EMF) and health. The task is to follow and evaluate the scientific development and to give advice to the SSI. The IEG will take recent major scientific reviews as starting points and in a series of annual reports consecutively discuss and assess relevant new data and put these in the context of already available information. The result will be a gradually developing risk assessment of exposure to EMF. The group began its work in the fall of 2002 and this is the first annual report.
Fonte Swedish Radiation Protection Authority (SSI)
Origem Suécia
Autor/Editor Recent Research on Mobile Telephony and Health Risks. Second annual report from SSI’s Independent Expert Group on Electromagnetic Fields.
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Link Documento PDF
Referência Dnr 2004/3857-52
Data Dezembro 2004
Título Review of the Epidemiologic Literature on EMF and Health
Resumo In this review, therefore, we summarize and discuss critically the current state of epidemiologic knowledge and the strengths and weaknesses of the available evidence on the relation of EMF exposure in man to risk of cancer and other adverse outcomes. We have taken EMF to refer to time-varying electric and/or magnetic fields <300 Hz. Where studies have specifically measured electric and/or magnetic fields, we have indicated the type of field; where they have not, or where it is not clear from the report, we have referred to EMF generically. We have restricted our attention to epidemiology, not experimental human studies; and although we have referred to some research on physiological effects, these are not reviewed systematically, and the review is primarily concerned with pathological end points. Particular attention is paid to methodological issues and to exposure measures because these have been a contentious and difficult area of EMF research and are critical to appraisal of the existing literature. Finally, we comment on areas where further research is needed.
Fonte International Commission for Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP)
Origem Internacional
Autor/Editor Standing Committee on Epidemiology
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Link Documento PDF
Referência Environmental Health Perspectives, volume 109, supplement 6
Data Dezembro 2001
Título Review of the Scientific Evidence for Limiting Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields (0 - 300 GHz)
Resumo This document reviews the scientific evidence relating to possible adverse health effects of exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMFs) in the frequency range 0-300 GHz. It provides the basis of NRPB advice on quantitative restrictions on exposure and other measures to avoid adverse effects. It explores recent evidence on the possibility of variations in sensitivity between groups in the population.
Fonte National Radiological Protection Board (NRPB)
Origem Reino Unido
Autor/Editor NRPB
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Link http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk
Referência Volume 15, No. 3
Data Janeiro 2004
Título The International EMF Dosimetry Handbook
Resumo The mission of the project was to promote and develop high quality EMF dosimetry for the assessment of human exposure and for in vitro and in vivo experimental systems. The intention of the project was to create an internationally accepted Dosimetry Handbook which will be a living and substantially on-line document. The primary benefactors of thisproject are RF and EMF standards development, research and public health, via assurance of the quality and transportability of human and experimental data; the ability to acquire robust scientific information is dependent upon accurate and precise dosimetry.
Fonte MCL United Kingdom
Origem Reino Unido
Autor/Editor Philip Chadwick, Peter Gajšek
Disponibilidade Disponível online
Link Handbook online
Referência
Data Fevereiro 2006

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